Editorials

The Law of Biogenesis

Life was either created by God or evolved from non-living matter. There is no third choice.

The Law of Biogenesis

Harvard biology professor George Wald stated, "Life was either created by God or evolved from non-living matter. There is no third choice." If science can prove life cannot spontaneously evolve from non-living matter, we can scientifically establish God created life.

Evolutionists insist evolution is proved science. On this foundation rests liberal theology, progressive politics, Keynesian economics, and permissive morals. Liberal elites and the mass media fiercely defend their worldview and their religion. However, in reality, Darwinian evolution is an unscientific pagan religion.

The myth is that after years of observation Charles Darwin gave a revolutionary new scientific theory in which life started as a spontaneous cell from a primordial soup, and developed into man through the process of natural selection.

The truth is his book, "The origin of species by means of natural selection" offered nothing new and offered no proofs. Darwin was not a scientist, his only college degree was in theology. He had little or no understanding of genetics or microbiology. He did not know there is no such thing as a "simple cell".

The truth is that the belief in life spontaneously emerging from non-living matter and evolving into man by chance had been taught by his Grandfather Erasmus Darwin, Freemasons, Jacobins, Romans, Greeks, and Babylonians.

In 1859, ironically the same year Charles Darwin's published Origin of Species, Louis Pasteur proved biogenesis, the scientific law that life only arises from living matter. Pasteur disproved the pagan myth of spontaneous generation, that life could originate from inorganic matter.

During the 1860s Gregor Johann Mendel made exhaustive hybridization experiments with peas. He developed what became the modern science of genetics. Genetics is the study of genes, heredity and variation in living organisms. Mendel showed that there are natural limits to biological variations within a species. Variations are possible within a species, such as various breeds of dogs, but "micro" evolution is limited within "kinds" just as the Bible declared. Evolutions have never been able to find "macro" evolution, or transitional hybridization from one species to another.

In 1952 a graduate student Stanley Miller, under the supervision of Harold Urey, attempted a chemical experiment to prove Oparin's and Haldane's hypothesis that complex organic compounds could have been naturally synthesized from inorganic material. This is considered to be the classic experiment to develop abiogenesis, or a renewal of the idea that life could come from non-living matter.

Miller's objective was not to create life, but to simulate how life's basic building blocks, amino acids, might have formed in early earth. The common myth is that Miller was successful in producing amino acids necessary for life. However, textbooks and the liberal media fail to mention that amino acids synthesized in labs are the wrong type, a mixture of left and right handed amino acids, but only left handed amino acids are used in living organisms. Miller intentionally eliminated oxygen from the experiment which would have destroyed the amino acids.

Miller and Urey proved nothing because there is no known law of nature or process which can cause information to originate by itself in matter. The DNA code within all plant and animal cells is vastly more compact than any computer chip ever made. Since the density and complexity of the genetic code is millions of times greater then man's present technology, we can conclude that the originator of the information must be supremely intelligent.

What we call "genes" are actually segments of the DNA molecule. DNA, or the genetic code is an information software composed of a molecular string of various nucleic acids (chemical letter) which are arranged in sequences just like the letters found in words and sentences of a book. It is this sequence of nucleic acids in DNA that tells the cells of our body how to construct or build various proteins, tissues, and organs. While amino acids can come into existence by chance, it has never been shown that amino acids can come together into a sequence by chance to form protein molecules. Even the simplest cell is composed of millions of protein molecules.

What is Chirality?

Chirality is the term given to the necessity that all nucleotides in a DNA or RNA chain be of a certain molecular orientation ("right-handed," technically dextroform) for the chain to work. Though an entire chain of DNA uses only six essential ingredients, the tiny chain is enormously long-- often containing billions of parts.

According to the laws of probability, the chance of nature forming amino acids in the proper sequence and designed by DNA and RNA to form a protein is zero. The evolutionists trust in the immutable God of time to solve all their problems. But matter plus energy and time could never create living protein cells by chance. Sir Frederick Hoyle said the probability of the sequence of molecules in the simplest cell coming into existence by chance is equivalent to a tornado going through a junk yard of airplane parts and assembling a 747 Jumbo Jet! Darwin had no understanding of complexities of modern microbiology.

Harvard biology professor George Wald believed the reasonable view, prior to Louis Pasteur, was to believe in spontaneous generation. The only alternative was to believe in a single primary act of supernatural creation. Prior to his death Wald rejected creation, and despite the impossible odds, he believed in spontaneous generation.

In Romans 1:18-20, the Apostle Paul said, The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness, since what may be known about God is plain to them, because God has made it plain to them. For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse.

Rush Limbaugh said, The "Culture War" is a war of competing worldviews. On one side, you have people who believe in living by a set of divinely inspired moral absolutes. On the other side, you have people who insist morality is simply personal decision. Frances Schaeffer said the decline in Western morals has been caused by a shift from a Judeo-Christian worldview based upon absolutes toward a world view based upon the idea that final reality is impersonal matter or energy shaped into its present form by impersonal chance.

Frances Schaeffer stated those who hold the material-energy, chance concept of reality, whether Marxist, progressives, or Freudians, not only do not know the truth of final reality, God, they do not know who Man is. They have reduced Man to an arrangement of molecules made by blind chance. They see Man as a competitive animal. They do not understand Man was made in the image of God, with a body soul, spirit and freewill.

Neo-Darwinism

Charles Darwin was influenced by an anti-Christian zoologist, Jean Baptiste de Lamarck (1744-1829) who believed in two mechanisms that produced inherited variability required for natural selection to work. The first was the "law of use and disuse". This was the concept that new organs or the modification of old one arises spontaneously through need satisfied by "use" and, accordingly, disappear through "disuse". The second was the "law of inheritance of acquired characteristics". This alleged that physical characteristics acquired by "use" were passed to offspring. These so-called "laws" are illustrated by the neck of the giraffe. According to Lamarck, the giraffe's neck grew from normal size due to "need" was passed on to offspring.

George Romanes coined the term neo-Darwinism to refer to the version of evolution advocated by Alfred Russel Wallace and August Weismann with its heavy dependence on natural selection. Weismann and Wallace rejected the Lamarckian idea of inheritance of acquired characteristics. In, Neo-Darwinism, natural selection refers to the differential reproduction leading to the changes in gene frequency. Neo-Darwinism is the synthesis of Darwinian evolution through natural selection with Mendelian genetics. Mendel's genetics established that characteristics from parent to child is through the mechanism of genetic transfer, rather then the "blending process" of pre-Mendalian evolutionary thought.

DNA

In the early 1900's Walter Sutton published two papers suggesting a connection between the laws of Mendel's genetics and chromosomes. By 1909, scientists had been able to separate an acidic material from other material in the chromosome band. Chemists soon determined the chemical composition of this acidic material. They called it a "nucleic acid," because it had come from the nucleus and "deoxyribose nucleic acid" (DNA), because they were able to identify a deoxygenated sugar molecule called ribos in the molecule. This molecule was made of phosphates and four bases, called adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine.

In 1953 J.D. Watson and F.H. Crick revealed the structure of DNA and revolutionized biology. At the close of the nineteenth century, most biologists thought life consisted solely of matter and energy shaped by chance. But after Watson and Crick, biologists came to recognize the importance of a third fundamental entity in living things: information. This discovery would redefine, from that point forward, what theories about the origin of life would need to explain.

In Darwin's time few, if any, biologists talked about biological or genetic information, but today they routinely refer to DNA, RNA, and proteins as carriers or repositories of information. Biologists tell us that DNA stores and transmits "genetic information", that is expresses a "genetic message," that it sores "assembly instructions" a "genetic blueprint", or "digital code".

Biology has entered its own information age, and scientists seeking to explain the origin of life have taken note. Living cells are distinguished by specific complexity and their use of machine code information systems. Genetic codes are software systems designed to communicate and transmit information. As a type of computer software, DNA, directs operations within a complex material system via highly variable digitally encoded and specifically sequenced instructions.

It should be remembered that no teleological machine (telos is from the Greek word aim or purpose) has ever been known to arise spontaneously from inorganic matter by accident. According to William Paley, "Natural Theology and Evidence and Attributes of Deity", (Allen and Sawyers, Edinburgh, 1818) "One may never assume that the design of a watch can be due to natural processes." Living things are, according to Paley, analogous to the watch and demand the postulate of a Creator to account for them.

The 1859 publication of Darwin's theory of natural selection put forward an explanation for complexity and adaptation, which reflects scientific consensus on the origins of biological diversity, and provides a counter-argument for the watchmaker analogy. Richard Dawkins referred to the analogy in his 1986 book "The Blind Watchmaker" giving his explanation of evolution. Darwin believed his theory of natural selection made Paley's watchmaker argument irrelevant.

The molecular biological revolution of the past 20 years or so has produced a change in theory in that it has shown that the biological cell is truly and in the deepest sense of the word a programmed machine which reads and produces information. This fact, established by purely materialistic science beyond any doubt, has restored Paley's argument in full force. A cell is almost infinitely more complex then a watch, and is one-thousandth the size of a period in a sentence. A cell is no longer considered merely material and energy shaped by chance. Living cells are now understood as material and energy shaped by design, information or logos (logos is the Greek for word or knowledge). Paley's teleological argument requiring a designer has stood the test of time.

What is a Mutation?

Mendel determined that there are limits of breeding. A horse can be bread to run faster only to a point, and it will remain a horse. Neo-Darwinism primarily relies on mutations to transform one species to another.

A mutation is a random change in the nucleotides of a DNA molecule. It occurs during reproduction, when the DNA is being doubled in preparation for cell division. Mutations are copying errors. In order for a mutation to be passed on it must occur in the sex cells. The altered information or mutation shows up in the offspring, usually as a defect. Without mutation, there could be no evolution. If Mutations can not add information, there can be no evolution. A mutation is a mistake which takes away information. There are no know examples of a mutation adding complexity. Mutations do not appear to be the path for simple cells to evolve to a complex human. One could argue one mutation could confer some ability to Darwinian evolution. However, when multiple mutations must be present simultaneously to gain a functional advantage, Darwinian evolution is at a dead end. As Behe explains, "If more than one mutation is needed, the probability of getting all the right ones grows exponentially worse."

 

Behe, a professor of biochemistry at Lehigh University, coined the term "irreducible complexity" to describe systems which require many parts -- and thus many mutations -- to be present -- all at once -- before providing any survival advantage to the organism. According to Behe, such systems cannot evolve in the step-by-step fashion required by Darwinian evolution. As a result, he maintains that random mutation and unguided natural selection cannot generate the genetic information required to produce irreducibly complex structures. Too many simultaneous mutations would be required -- an event which is highly unlikely to occur. Human life was either created by God or evolved by accident. Modern science seems to be saying man was created. Evolution appears to be a pagan religion based upon superstition.

Big Bang Theory

One of the most common objections to a "young universe" is often called the "distant starlight problem." There are galaxies in the universe that are incredibly far away. These distances are so extreme that even light could take billions of years to travel from these galaxies to the earth.

The distant starlight argument is based on fallacious assumption of naturalism and uniformitarianism. It assumes that the light got here entirely by natural means, and traveled at a constant rate, over a constant distance, with time also being constant.

Evolutionists insists if one can not show a naturalistic mechanism for a particular event of the creation week then the Bible cannot be trusted. However, it is circular reasoning to state a supernatural explanation is wrong because it cannot be explained by natural causes. The better argument is to say, if there is no natural cause there must be a supernatural cause.

A God who can make a universe can create light and then stars, he can change the speed of light, or can expand the distance of space. If no natural mechanism is apparent, this cannot be a legitimate criticism against supernatural creation anymore then a lack of a natural mechanism for Christ's resurrection could invalidate that event witnessed by thousands of people.

The Big Bang Theory, the naturalists concept that the universe originated from a small dot due to an explosion, also has a light travel-time problem. In the big bang model light is required to travel a distance faster then time allowed in the 14 billion years since the explosion, because there was not enough time for temperature in the universe to become uniform. This requires two expansion rates for the universe. A normal rate at first, then a rapid inflation, then a change back to a normal rate. However, there are no "natural" explanations for the change of expansion.

The Big Bang presents additional questions which must be answered by "natural" explanations. When the Big Bang produced time and space, where did it put space? As for the Big Bang itself, what actually was it that exploded? Since energy cannot be created or destroyed, where did energy come from? The four forces of nature are gravity, electromagnetism, the strong and weak nuclear forces. Where did these forces come from in the Big Bang? Life requires material and energy mixed with information or design. If life only comes from life, and cannot come spontaneously, then life did not evolve, it was created. Evolution by natural selection is not science it is pagan religion.

Paganism is the giving of reverence due the creator to nature. In Hindu philosophy the state of 'enlightenment' is a state in which one finally comes to be 'at oneness' with nature. Darwin himself noted that 'natural selection' was more less already represented in Aristotle (Physics, 2:8:2). The 'Big Bang' seems to make an appearance in Hindu thinking. "He (Brahma, the creative principle) becomes the size of an atomic particle andā€¦brings life to this whole universe." (Laws of Manu 1:56-57). The thesis that natural selection is due to a struggle for survival among the species is encountered in the work of the Greek philosopher Heraclitus of Ephesus (535-474 BC). Darwin's tree of life, showing the branching divergence of species from a common descent is similar to the pagan great chain of being taught by Plato, Aristotle and Plotinus. Many of the Greeks, such as Aristotle arranged all animals by a single natural scale according to their degree of perfection. Many in the ancient world taught that lower forms of life sprang spontaneously from a moist earth or water.

The Italian physician, Francesco Redi (1626-1697) refutated the old pagan doctrine of spontaneous life from inate material. Today the Law of Biogenesis states that life can come only from life. The pagan belief in the great chain of being was used as a justification for slavery. When European trade routes were opened up with Africa and the East, many Europeans believed "savages" were above the apes and below the Europeans. The subtitle of Darwin's book was, "The Preservation of Favoured Races In The Struggle For Life". Charles Darwin was a racist who believed Europeans were superior to "savages".  The Bible says all humans are made in the image of God. (Genesis 1:26-29).

All people are created equal before God, and share the same blood. (Acts 17:26). Slave traders are listed with murderers, adulterers, perverts, liars and other evil people. (I Timothy 1:10). Christians such as William Wilberforce (1759-1833) helped stop the European slave trade. Christian philosophers linked rationality with the empirical inductive methond. One such person was Robert Grosseteste (1165-1253) a Franciscan bishop and the first chancellor of Oxford university. His student Roger Bacon, also a Franciscan monk, asserted that "all things must be verified by experimentation". Modern science is based upon the reliability and consistency of the God of creation. Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard and Princeton were at one time all Christian universities of higher learning.

 

 

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